Adderall is a prescription drug that is used to treat attention-deficit hyperactivity syndrome (ADHD) in both adults and children. This stimulant medication boosts dopamine levels in the brain to enhance alertness, and it heightens the ability to focus. While Adderall is an effective drug for people with ADHD, it is frequently abused by people who seek to improve their performance at work or school; many of these people develop a drug dependency and ultimately require rehab for substance abuse. Here are a few things you may not have known about Adderall addiction:

10 Facts about Adderall Addiction

1. Adderall is a central nervous system stimulant; even though it’s a prescription medication, it has effects similar to those of street drugs such as cocaine and crystal meth.

2. Adderall addiction is rampant among college students– according to one study, up to 55 percent of young men who belonged to fraternities reported misusing prescription stimulants such as Adderall. [1]

3. The misuse of prescription stimulants like Adderall is the second-most common form of illicit drug use on college campuses–the most popular drug was marijuana. [2]

4. Many Adderall users mistakenly believe that the drug is not addictive; however, it actually carries a strong potential for abuse. With continued use, the body develops a tolerance for the drug, and it takes higher and higher doses to achieve the desired effects.

5. Stopping Adderall use abruptly can cause a “crash.” Symptoms of a crash include depression, insomnia, and sluggishness.

10 Facts You Don't Know About Adderall Addiction

While Adderall is an effective drug for people with ADHD, it is frequently abused by people who…
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6. It can take up to three or four weeks to completely withdraw from Adderall. Addiction programs can provide much-needed support during the difficult withdrawal phase.

7. Abusing Adderall can send you to the emergency room. One study shows that Adderall-related ER visits have increased by 156 percent in a recent five-year span. [3]

8. Adderall and alcohol don’t mix. Many young adults take Adderall before going out for the night, either to help them stay up later or simply to enjoy the euphoric effect of the drug; however, drinking while taking this medication can be dangerous. Mixing these two substances can increase the risk of heart attacks, even if you’re not taking high doses of Adderall.

9. Some people who abuse Adderall experience disturbing mental symptoms, including hallucinations, paranoia, and psychotic episodes. The drug has also been found to trigger depression in some individuals.

10. One of the most frightening risks associated with Adderall addiction or abuse is sudden death. Most cases of fatalities involving Adderall occurred in people who had structural problems in their heart– conditions that the average person wouldn’t even be aware that they had.

Adderall may help you study harder or work longer hours, but the risk of substance addiction is high. If you or someone you love is struggling with Adderall addiction, it’s important to know that addiction treatment programs are available for this drug. There are many ways to treat addiction–with the right substance abuse therapy, you can break free from Adderall addiction and begin a healthy new lifestyle.